Potassium


Potassium is a mineral (electrolyte) in the body. Almost 98% of Potassium is found inside the cells. Minor changes in the level of Potassium that is present outside the cells can have severe effects on the heart, nerves and muscles.

The kidney is the main organ that controls the balance of Potassium by removing excess potassium into the urine.

Dehydration, diarrhoea, excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) and laxative abuse are common causes of low Potassium levels. Deficiency may also be caused by a lack of Potassium in the diet; however, this is uncommon. Other causes include medicines that affect the amount of Potassium in the body, such as diuretics.

Vitastiq tracks 26 essential vitamins and minerals in your body.

Learn more about the important role of individual vitamins and minerals in your body.

Biotin
Calcium
Chromium
Coenzyme Q10
Copper
Folic Acid (B9)
Glucosamine
Iodine
Iron
Magnesium
Manganese
Omega 3-6 fatty acids
Potassium
Selenium
Sodium
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B12
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
Vitamin B5
Vitamin B6
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Zinc

Biotin is a B-complex vitamin and an important component of enzymes in the body that break down fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Biotin plays a significant role in the metabolic pathway of all cells ...

Calcium is a mineral found in many foods. The body needs Calcium to maintain bone strength and to carry out important functions. Almost all calcium is stored in bones and teeth, where it supports thei...

Chromium is an essential mineral for the body. Known to enhance the way our bodies use insulin, this mineralcontributes to the maintenance of normal blood glucose levels. Chromium also appears to be d...

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a nutrient that occurs naturally in the body. CoQ10 is also present in many foods. CoQ10 acts as an antioxidant, which protects cells from damage and plays an important part in...

Copper is required to help your body utilize Iron. It helps your body make red blood cells and keeps nerve cells and the immune system healthy. It is also important for nerve function, bone growth, an...

Folate is a water-soluble B vitamin and represents a generic term referring to both natural folates in food and folic acid, the synthetic form used in supplements and fortified food. Our bodies need F...

The key material for cartilage tissue formation, Glucosamine is a compound of amino acid glutamine and glucose. Cartilage is a flexible, tough connective tissue found in several areas of the body. Thi...

Iodine is a mineral found in some foods. The body needs Iodine to make thyroid hormones. These hormones control the body's metabolism and many other important functions....

Iron is a mineral that the body needs for growth and development. Your body uses Iron to make haemoglobin (a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the other parts of the bod...

Magnesium is crucial to the body's function. This mineral is necessary for energy production and the functioning of almost all metabolic processes. Magnesium helps keep blood pressure normal, bones an...

Manganese is an essential nutrient involved in numerous chemical processes in the body, including the processing of cholesterol, carbohydrates and protein. The highest concentration of Manganese is i...

Omega-3 fatty acids are considered essential fatty acids. Although necessary for human health, the body is incapable of producing them on its own. Omega-3s belong to a broader group of fats called pol...

Potassium is a mineral (electrolyte) in the body. Almost 98% of Potassium is found inside the cells. Minor changes in the level of Potassium that is present outside the cells can have severe effects o...

Selenium is a trace element that is required in small amounts, but like all essential elements, can be toxic at high levels. Generally, Selenium acts as an antioxidant that works together with Vitamin...

Sodium regulates the volume of water and blood in the body. It is a role Sodium shares with Potassium. Salt is added to food when cooking, baking or canning to enhance the flavour. As a result, people...

Fat-soluble Vitamin A is present in food in two main forms: retinoids (found in animal products) and Provitamin A carotenoids (found in plants). The most important Provitamin A carotenoid is beta-caro...

Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is one of 8 B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is used to produce energy. As Vitamin B1 plays a centra...

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) is part of the B complex of vitamins. As with the other B vitamins, it is involved in energy metabolism. Vitamin B12 is also required for the proper function and development of...

In common with the other B vitamins, Vitamin B2, also known as Riboflavin, is involved in energy metabolism. Riboflavin also serves as an antioxidant by fighting the damaging particles in the body kno...

Vitamin B3 or Niacin refers to a group of compounds that express Vitamin B3 activity. The basic type is nicotinamide. In common with other B complex vitamins, Niacin is important in energy production,...

Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid is one of the B complex vitamins that helps the body to convert food into energy. Vitamin B5 is a part of one of the most important coenzymes in the body – coenzyme A....

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin naturally present in many foods. The body requires Vitamin B6 for more than 100 enzyme reactions involved in metabolism. It is also involved in brain development ...

Vitamin C may be the most familiar of all of the nutrients. It is a water-soluble vitamin that acts as an antioxidant, helping to protect cells from the damage caused by harmful free radicals. Vit...

Vitamin D is frequently called the sunshine vitamin because it can be synthesized in the skin by exposure to direct sunlight. There are two main forms of vitamin D – D2 and D3. D3 or cholecalciferol...

Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. Fat soluble, it offers protection against damage to the fats that line the outside of every cell of our body. Vitamin E is a term describing eight different nat...

Zinc is an essential trace element for all forms of life. It plays a crucial role in growth and development, immune response, neurological function and reproduction. With over 300 different enzymes...